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10 Front-end Technologies to Build a Web App

Front-end Technologies

Even front-end technologies come with several benefits such as rapid development, enhanced security, and powerful features. 

Wondering what are the best front-end development technologies to use in 2022 to build stunning web applications? In this article, we are going to unveil the front-end technologies list.

Top 10 Front-End Technologies to Check Out in 2022

1. React

Developed by Facebook, React is one of the best front-end frameworks of 2022. This open-source framework is used by a majority of front-end web developers. React is popular due to its virtual Document Object Model. This framework is popular for those who are looking for a steady platform to manage it. It is great to use React if you want to build a single-page app.

Pros

  • Easy to Learn- As React allows you to write elements without classes, this framework is quite easy to learn.
  • Enhances User Experience- As React leverages virtual DOM, this front-end framework offers a consistent and seamless experience.

Cons

  • Absence of Documentation- Due to multiple updates in the front-end framework, it is hard to prepare the proper documentation.
  • High JSX Complications- While beginning with React, web developers find it challenging to understand the complexities of JSX.

2. Angular

The list of top front-end frameworks is incomplete without discussing Angular. Based on TypeScript, this framework is simple. Released in 2016, the Angular framework was developed by Google to fulfill the emerging demands of technology. It is quite easy to maintain the code as it uses MVVM architecture. The framework is exclusive with its two-way data binding feature. As compared to React, Angular is not easy to learn. It is great to use Angular if you want to develop an enterprise-based and active web app. Paypal and Gmail are among the best applications that leverage Angular as the front-end framework.

Pros

  • No Browser-Specific Constraints- As the Angular framework is not browser-specific, so there are no such constraints. It operates on all major browsers.
  • Easier Coding Procedure- As the Angular front-end framework supports two-way data binding, the amount of code is ultimately reduced.

Cons

  • Angular Complication- Sometimes dynamic applications don’t perform well due to their complex structure.

3. Vue.js

One of the simplest front-end frameworks is Vue.js. This component-based framework has a small size. Like Angular, this framework also has two-way data binding features. Vue.js can manage simple as well as dynamic developments with simplicity. This front-end framework is popular for its simplicity and flexibility. Vue.js is suitable for progressive web applications and complex projects with an efficient architecture.

Pros

  • Versatile Framework- Vue.js is versatile. This front-end framework can handle simple as well as dynamic procedures without hassle.
  • Code Reusability- The components of this framework enable you to create elements that can be reused in HTML.

Cons

  • Lack of Stability in Components- The apps requiring stable components are not suitable to be developed with this framework.
  • Reduced Community of Web Developers- Vue.js is not suitable to use if you are looking for a major support community to answer the complexities.

4. Ember.js

Developed in 2011, Ember.js is a component-based framework that presents two-way data binding similar to Angular. This front-end framework is intended to fulfill the growing demand for contemporary technologies. It is easier to develop multifaceted web and mobile apps with this framework. This framework is apt if you want to develop contemporary applications like LinkedIn.

Pros

  • Well-managed framework- This front-end framework has an efficient architecture to handle issues involved in the development of an app.
  • Two-Way Data Binding– Ember.js is the complete frontend solution for big projects it provides useful binding.

Cons

  • Minor Community- Ember.js is not suitable to use if you need the major support community to help you solve the complexities.
  • Hard Learning Curve- As this framework needs enough experience to solve the complexities; Ember.js is quite complex to learn. 

5. jQuery

Developed in 2006, jQuery is an easy-to-use framework. This framework is utilized to operate DOM and CSS manipulation and to improve the functionality of a website. jQuery supports the browsers you want to use. This web development framework fits best if you want to build a desktop-based JavaScript app.

Pros

  • Browser-Friendly- As jQuery is browser-friendly, this front-end framework runs on any browser you want to use.
  • Easy to Use- As this framework minimizes the need to write complex codes, it is easy to use.

Cons

  • Sluggish Working Capability- jQuery is not capable of competing with some of the latest front-end frameworks with code reusability.
  • Outdated APIs of the Document Object Model- The APIs of the document object model used in this front-end framework are obsolete.

6. Semantic UI

Released in 2014 by Jack Lukic, Semantic UI is supported by LESS and jQuery. This front-end framework is intended to authorize the developers by creating a language for sharing UI. The Semantic UI framework uses natural language. With its striking user interface and simple functionalities, it has become one of the most popular front-end frameworks in the market. It is recommended to use this framework for a smooth design of interactive user interfaces.

Pros

  • Superior Functionality- This front-end framework has an intuitive user interface and simplicity due to its functionality.
  • Less Complex Semantic UI incorporates simple and natural language that makes codes self-explanatory.

Cons

  • Demands Experience with Javascript- This framework is not apt for developers with no knowledge of JavaScript as it needs the ability to develop customizations in the app.
  • Smaller Community- Semantic UI has a limited community as compared to Bootstrap. So, it is not apt for large-scale projects.

7. Backbone.js

Based on the MVC pattern, Backbone.js is one of the easiest frameworks which allows developers to create single-page applications quickly. This framework is used for vibrant applications like Trello. It helps developers in code reuse and quicker updates.

Pros

  • Lightweight Front-End Framework- As it is a lightweight framework, you can reuse the old code with little effort to develop your projects.
  • Fastest Framework- Backbone.js comes in the list of the fastest front-end frameworks and is quite easy to learn.

Cons

  • Not Offering A Handy Structure- Backbone.js does not offer a readymade structure. It just provides some basic tools to develop the website structure.
  • Need to Transcribe Boilerplate Code- With Backbone.js, you’ll need to write the complete boilerplate code for developing an app. 

8. Foundation

Foundation is an open-source front-end framework released in 2011. Maintained by ZURB, this framework has the support of a huge community. This front-end framework follows the mobile-first approach and is highly customizable. Foundation is intended for enterprise-level development of responsive websites. This framework is better if you are aiming for a styled open-source and mobile-friendly front-end framework.

Pros

  • Flexible Grids- The Foundation framework provides flexible grids along with centered columns and an HTML5 form validation library.
  • Customized User Experience- This front-end platform allows you to customize your website with ease.

Cons

  • Limited Community Forums– The Foundation platform lacks wide support. There is no support for QA sites.
  • Hard to Learn for Beginners- It takes a lot of time for beginners to learn this front-end technology.

9. Svelte

Svelte is one of the modern front-end frameworks to develop a web application. As this framework doesn’t have a larger support community, it is suitable for small application projects. It is advisable to use any other framework for huge projects as it lacks sufficient community and tooling.

Pros

  • Easy to Use- This framework requires fewer lines of code to develop a web or mobile application.
  • Code Reusability- Svelte platform allows you to reuse the code in an existing project without hassle.

Cons

  • Lack of Tooling– This front-end framework has a few editor extensions and syntax highlights.
  • Lack of Community Support- Svelte lacks community support and doesn’t support the first-class TypeScript.

10. Preact

Preact is a lightweight form of React having a small size. It enables developers to build complex dynamic web applications. This framework increases the performance of a website. 

Pros

  • Too Many Features- Preact comes with several features and all of those features are executed in the React community
  • Enhances Website’s Performance– This front-end framework boosts performance while building an app as it has numerous important components.

Cons

  • No Support to Stateless Functional Components- This framework doesn’t support the React prototype and the context.

Final Words

We have shared information about the top 10 front-end technologies along with their pros and cons. Your organization can choose a web development framework based on its requirements.

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