There was a time when cutting-edge medicine was written in Arabic. And it was not a season: it lasted for centuries. While Christian Europe was plunged in the darkness of ignorance and religious fanaticism, and theology crushed any attempt at independence from science, the immense Muslim world of that time, which stretched from the Iberian peninsula to the limits of present-day Iran, lived a stage of unusual scientific splendor. The Muslim courts of that time, such as Córdoba, Baghdad, Cairo, Damascus, or Samarkand itself, were of incomparable magnificence, and the caliphs, emirs, and viziers lived surrounded by poets, philosophers, sages and artists of all kinds.
The Arabs bequeathed us great discoveries in Chemistry, Astronomy, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine, among others. It is enough to name only algebra, Arabic numerals, and the use of zero, to assess the importance of its contribution to humanity. In this work, we are going to refer only to medicine.
The golden triad of medical knowledge in the classical period of Islam is made up of Razi 9th century, Avicenna (10th century), and Averroes 12th century; but what were their contributions?
Al-Razi (865-925), known in Europe as Razi, was the founder of the Baghdad hospital. He wrote about 200 medical papers, described measles, and smallpox, and differentiated them, learned about immunity against the recurrence of the disease and applied vaccine variola, set out hygiene rules in patients, investigated the action of remedies on monkeys, described instruments for extracting foreign bodies, and was one of the first to use cotton in bandages and threads for wound sutures. Many works of Medicine are also owed to him, including the “Universal Book of Medicine” 25 volumes, which for a long time served as manuals in the Faculties of Medicine of the Medieval Universities of Western Europe.
According to the Qur’an, God communicated with man and made his will known through signs and revelations. The prophets, or “Messengers of God,” received revelations and taught them to mankind. The message has been identical for the entire humanity. “Nothing has been said to you that has not been told to the messengers before you, that your lord is in charge of forgiveness as well as the most severe punishment.” Revelation does not come directly from God to the prophets. Angels acting as God’s messengers deliver divine revelation to them. This appears in Qur’an 42ː51, in which it is stated en “God does not speak to people except by inspiration or behind a veil or by sending a Messenger (the angel Gabriel) to convey to him by His will whatever He wants from the revelation.”
Islam is one of the great monotheistic religions that exist today. It is based on the Koran or Quran (recitation), a holy book of the Muslim religion. It establishes the premise that “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet.”
The followers of this religion, consider the Prophet Muhammad (can also be recognized as Prophet Muhammad) as the last of the prophets, and the one who seals the Prophecy.
One of the five pillars of Islam is the observance of Ramadan: the holy month of fasting, and the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Another of the pillars is the Hajj, pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. This is the holiest city for Muslims.
Learn about the Pillars of Islam
Through a free course you can learn the Arabic alphabet, know the sacred texts, and introduce yourself to the way of life of the Muslim community. Study Sharia (Islamic law) and Sunnah. This Arabic word, which indicates a “lifestyle” or “habit”, is a collection of texts that relates the lifestyle of the prophet and defines the basis of the Islamic religion. It is a guide to life and a source of teaching from God. You can also learn about the traditions that are still respected today, such as the use of Hijab.
Online courses in Islamic religion
Take Arabic classes at the time and place you prefer. Take advantage of the time that isolation due to the Coronavirus gives you to learn about the second largest religion in the world, and the largest in the Middle East; followed by Hinduism.
Build a career in Social Sciences and Islamic Culture
By learning the Arabic language and the pillars of Islamic culture, you will be able to open your mind to the knowledge of one of the main religions; since it is estimated that 25% of the world’s population is Muslim. You will be able to add knowledge of theology, introducing you to the field of education, as well as collaborating with Human Rights organizations or with the Islamic center in your area.